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donut

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  1. Like
    donut got a reaction from FortopR in How to Fix Low Disk Space in Windows XP?   
    Windows XP alerts you when disk space reaches a critical level, but you have several options to free up hard drive space. XP includes an built-in utility, called Disk Cleanup, that deletes unnecessary files from the most common locations. More disk space can be gained by deleting files manually or moving them to an external hard drive.
     
    Low Disk Space Warning
     
    ·         Windows XP warns you when it detects your computer is running out of disk space. The first warning comes when less than 200 megabytes of space is available: a pop-up window will appear for ten seconds once every session (each time you log on to your computer). The warnings become more frequent as free space decreases. With less than 80 megabytes of free space the warning appears twice for 30 seconds, spaced four hours apart. At 50 megabytes or less, the message appears every five minutes for 30 seconds. The warnings do not stop until free disk space is above 200 megabytes.
     
    Disk Cleanup
     
    ·         The easiest way to free up hard drive space in Windows XP is to use Disk Cleanup. The program deletes temporary Internet files from Internet Explorer, downloaded program files, optional Windows components, Windows temporary files and older System Restore points. You can select check boxes to choose which categories to delete. If Disk Cleanup does not free up enough space, it may be necessary to delete files manually.
     
    Unnecessary Files
     
    ·         Remove files and application you do not use to free up disk space. Empty the Recycle Bin and clean out the cache of your Web browser. Review the applications installed on your PC. Those applications you do not use should be uninstalled using the “Add/Remove Programs” function located in the Windows Control Panel. Ensure that no duplicate files exist on your PC: remove any files that are duplicates.
     
    Folders
     
    ·         Your Downloads folder (or any location you use to store downloaded content) may be taking up a lot of disk space. Empty these folders of files that you no longer need or use. Pictures and videos also take up a lot of space: Delete those pictures and videos that you do not wish to keep. Using Windows Explorer, look around your hard drive for temporary installation folders and delete those as well. Once you complete the deletion process, be sure to empty your Recycle Bin to reclaim the space.
     
    External Storage
     
    ·         If there is no need to keep the files on your computer’s hard drive, consider using an external hard drive to store some of your content, especially larger files. External drives come in various capacities, some as large as the hard drive currently in your computer. These drives connect via USB, and when connected can be used as an additional hard drive for your PC.
  2. Haha
    donut got a reaction from BrantMiG in How to remove unwanted items on desktop?   
    The desktop is the mainstay for all users of laptop and desktop computers -- it's the place to store temporary files, post notes and do all the tasks that computer users do. Some people don't mind if their desktop is cluttered with lots of icons, while others feel the need to have a clean slate to work with. If you're having issues with deleted or unwanted items on your desktop -- including links to things you may have downloaded -- it can be frustrating when they won't go away. To fix the problem, start with the simple stuff and then move on to more involved steps for removing those unwanted items. 
     
    Right-Click
     
    ·         The first thing to try is to send the file to the trash. To do this, right-click on the file on the desktop and then select "Move to Trash" or a similar function from the menu that appears. In the best-case scenario, the item will peacefully be moved to your computer's trash; if not, you may see an error message that will give you information about how to remove the item.
     
    Task Manager
     
    ·         If the item is in use, it may not move to the trash until you close it from the location where it is in use; this means you have to know where the item is in use. One way to find out is to look at the Windows Task Manager, which shows you all the current processes, programs and activity currently happening on your computer. To open it, right-click on your taskbar and then select "Task Manager." From there you'll be able to remove or delete any of the unwanted items.

    Download Manager 
    ·         If you've stopped a download in the middle of the download process, you may be encountering issues because the file is only partially loaded. One possible solution to this may be to remove it from your from your Web browser and find your downloads. Click on the name of the item that is stuck on your desktop -- if it's listed there -- and then press "Delete."
     
    Add/Remove 
     
    ·         Another option is to try removing the icon using your computer's Add/Remove function, which can safely remove applications. On a Windows computer, select "Control Panel" from the Start menu and then click "Uninstall a program." Look for the program or item you want to remove and click "Uninstall." If this process does not work, try a third-party removal tool such as Wise Registry Cleaner to scan and remove junk items.
  3. Like
    donut got a reaction from Curtisbync in How to remove unwanted items on desktop?   
    The desktop is the mainstay for all users of laptop and desktop computers -- it's the place to store temporary files, post notes and do all the tasks that computer users do. Some people don't mind if their desktop is cluttered with lots of icons, while others feel the need to have a clean slate to work with. If you're having issues with deleted or unwanted items on your desktop -- including links to things you may have downloaded -- it can be frustrating when they won't go away. To fix the problem, start with the simple stuff and then move on to more involved steps for removing those unwanted items. 
     
    Right-Click
     
    ·         The first thing to try is to send the file to the trash. To do this, right-click on the file on the desktop and then select "Move to Trash" or a similar function from the menu that appears. In the best-case scenario, the item will peacefully be moved to your computer's trash; if not, you may see an error message that will give you information about how to remove the item.
     
    Task Manager
     
    ·         If the item is in use, it may not move to the trash until you close it from the location where it is in use; this means you have to know where the item is in use. One way to find out is to look at the Windows Task Manager, which shows you all the current processes, programs and activity currently happening on your computer. To open it, right-click on your taskbar and then select "Task Manager." From there you'll be able to remove or delete any of the unwanted items.

    Download Manager 
    ·         If you've stopped a download in the middle of the download process, you may be encountering issues because the file is only partially loaded. One possible solution to this may be to remove it from your from your Web browser and find your downloads. Click on the name of the item that is stuck on your desktop -- if it's listed there -- and then press "Delete."
     
    Add/Remove 
     
    ·         Another option is to try removing the icon using your computer's Add/Remove function, which can safely remove applications. On a Windows computer, select "Control Panel" from the Start menu and then click "Uninstall a program." Look for the program or item you want to remove and click "Uninstall." If this process does not work, try a third-party removal tool such as Wise Registry Cleaner to scan and remove junk items.
  4. Like
    donut got a reaction from Curtisbync in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  5. Like
    donut got a reaction from TelemahU in How to Fix Low Disk Space in Windows XP?   
    Windows XP alerts you when disk space reaches a critical level, but you have several options to free up hard drive space. XP includes an built-in utility, called Disk Cleanup, that deletes unnecessary files from the most common locations. More disk space can be gained by deleting files manually or moving them to an external hard drive.
     
    Low Disk Space Warning
     
    ·         Windows XP warns you when it detects your computer is running out of disk space. The first warning comes when less than 200 megabytes of space is available: a pop-up window will appear for ten seconds once every session (each time you log on to your computer). The warnings become more frequent as free space decreases. With less than 80 megabytes of free space the warning appears twice for 30 seconds, spaced four hours apart. At 50 megabytes or less, the message appears every five minutes for 30 seconds. The warnings do not stop until free disk space is above 200 megabytes.
     
    Disk Cleanup
     
    ·         The easiest way to free up hard drive space in Windows XP is to use Disk Cleanup. The program deletes temporary Internet files from Internet Explorer, downloaded program files, optional Windows components, Windows temporary files and older System Restore points. You can select check boxes to choose which categories to delete. If Disk Cleanup does not free up enough space, it may be necessary to delete files manually.
     
    Unnecessary Files
     
    ·         Remove files and application you do not use to free up disk space. Empty the Recycle Bin and clean out the cache of your Web browser. Review the applications installed on your PC. Those applications you do not use should be uninstalled using the “Add/Remove Programs” function located in the Windows Control Panel. Ensure that no duplicate files exist on your PC: remove any files that are duplicates.
     
    Folders
     
    ·         Your Downloads folder (or any location you use to store downloaded content) may be taking up a lot of disk space. Empty these folders of files that you no longer need or use. Pictures and videos also take up a lot of space: Delete those pictures and videos that you do not wish to keep. Using Windows Explorer, look around your hard drive for temporary installation folders and delete those as well. Once you complete the deletion process, be sure to empty your Recycle Bin to reclaim the space.
     
    External Storage
     
    ·         If there is no need to keep the files on your computer’s hard drive, consider using an external hard drive to store some of your content, especially larger files. External drives come in various capacities, some as large as the hard drive currently in your computer. These drives connect via USB, and when connected can be used as an additional hard drive for your PC.
  6. Like
    donut got a reaction from RobertPhesk in How to Fix Low Disk Space in Windows XP?   
    Windows XP alerts you when disk space reaches a critical level, but you have several options to free up hard drive space. XP includes an built-in utility, called Disk Cleanup, that deletes unnecessary files from the most common locations. More disk space can be gained by deleting files manually or moving them to an external hard drive.
     
    Low Disk Space Warning
     
    ·         Windows XP warns you when it detects your computer is running out of disk space. The first warning comes when less than 200 megabytes of space is available: a pop-up window will appear for ten seconds once every session (each time you log on to your computer). The warnings become more frequent as free space decreases. With less than 80 megabytes of free space the warning appears twice for 30 seconds, spaced four hours apart. At 50 megabytes or less, the message appears every five minutes for 30 seconds. The warnings do not stop until free disk space is above 200 megabytes.
     
    Disk Cleanup
     
    ·         The easiest way to free up hard drive space in Windows XP is to use Disk Cleanup. The program deletes temporary Internet files from Internet Explorer, downloaded program files, optional Windows components, Windows temporary files and older System Restore points. You can select check boxes to choose which categories to delete. If Disk Cleanup does not free up enough space, it may be necessary to delete files manually.
     
    Unnecessary Files
     
    ·         Remove files and application you do not use to free up disk space. Empty the Recycle Bin and clean out the cache of your Web browser. Review the applications installed on your PC. Those applications you do not use should be uninstalled using the “Add/Remove Programs” function located in the Windows Control Panel. Ensure that no duplicate files exist on your PC: remove any files that are duplicates.
     
    Folders
     
    ·         Your Downloads folder (or any location you use to store downloaded content) may be taking up a lot of disk space. Empty these folders of files that you no longer need or use. Pictures and videos also take up a lot of space: Delete those pictures and videos that you do not wish to keep. Using Windows Explorer, look around your hard drive for temporary installation folders and delete those as well. Once you complete the deletion process, be sure to empty your Recycle Bin to reclaim the space.
     
    External Storage
     
    ·         If there is no need to keep the files on your computer’s hard drive, consider using an external hard drive to store some of your content, especially larger files. External drives come in various capacities, some as large as the hard drive currently in your computer. These drives connect via USB, and when connected can be used as an additional hard drive for your PC.
  7. Like
    donut got a reaction from AnthonyPoelf in How to Fix Low Disk Space in Windows XP?   
    Windows XP alerts you when disk space reaches a critical level, but you have several options to free up hard drive space. XP includes an built-in utility, called Disk Cleanup, that deletes unnecessary files from the most common locations. More disk space can be gained by deleting files manually or moving them to an external hard drive.
     
    Low Disk Space Warning
     
    ·         Windows XP warns you when it detects your computer is running out of disk space. The first warning comes when less than 200 megabytes of space is available: a pop-up window will appear for ten seconds once every session (each time you log on to your computer). The warnings become more frequent as free space decreases. With less than 80 megabytes of free space the warning appears twice for 30 seconds, spaced four hours apart. At 50 megabytes or less, the message appears every five minutes for 30 seconds. The warnings do not stop until free disk space is above 200 megabytes.
     
    Disk Cleanup
     
    ·         The easiest way to free up hard drive space in Windows XP is to use Disk Cleanup. The program deletes temporary Internet files from Internet Explorer, downloaded program files, optional Windows components, Windows temporary files and older System Restore points. You can select check boxes to choose which categories to delete. If Disk Cleanup does not free up enough space, it may be necessary to delete files manually.
     
    Unnecessary Files
     
    ·         Remove files and application you do not use to free up disk space. Empty the Recycle Bin and clean out the cache of your Web browser. Review the applications installed on your PC. Those applications you do not use should be uninstalled using the “Add/Remove Programs” function located in the Windows Control Panel. Ensure that no duplicate files exist on your PC: remove any files that are duplicates.
     
    Folders
     
    ·         Your Downloads folder (or any location you use to store downloaded content) may be taking up a lot of disk space. Empty these folders of files that you no longer need or use. Pictures and videos also take up a lot of space: Delete those pictures and videos that you do not wish to keep. Using Windows Explorer, look around your hard drive for temporary installation folders and delete those as well. Once you complete the deletion process, be sure to empty your Recycle Bin to reclaim the space.
     
    External Storage
     
    ·         If there is no need to keep the files on your computer’s hard drive, consider using an external hard drive to store some of your content, especially larger files. External drives come in various capacities, some as large as the hard drive currently in your computer. These drives connect via USB, and when connected can be used as an additional hard drive for your PC.
  8. Like
    donut got a reaction from Williamtak in How to Fix Low Disk Space in Windows XP?   
    Windows XP alerts you when disk space reaches a critical level, but you have several options to free up hard drive space. XP includes an built-in utility, called Disk Cleanup, that deletes unnecessary files from the most common locations. More disk space can be gained by deleting files manually or moving them to an external hard drive.
     
    Low Disk Space Warning
     
    ·         Windows XP warns you when it detects your computer is running out of disk space. The first warning comes when less than 200 megabytes of space is available: a pop-up window will appear for ten seconds once every session (each time you log on to your computer). The warnings become more frequent as free space decreases. With less than 80 megabytes of free space the warning appears twice for 30 seconds, spaced four hours apart. At 50 megabytes or less, the message appears every five minutes for 30 seconds. The warnings do not stop until free disk space is above 200 megabytes.
     
    Disk Cleanup
     
    ·         The easiest way to free up hard drive space in Windows XP is to use Disk Cleanup. The program deletes temporary Internet files from Internet Explorer, downloaded program files, optional Windows components, Windows temporary files and older System Restore points. You can select check boxes to choose which categories to delete. If Disk Cleanup does not free up enough space, it may be necessary to delete files manually.
     
    Unnecessary Files
     
    ·         Remove files and application you do not use to free up disk space. Empty the Recycle Bin and clean out the cache of your Web browser. Review the applications installed on your PC. Those applications you do not use should be uninstalled using the “Add/Remove Programs” function located in the Windows Control Panel. Ensure that no duplicate files exist on your PC: remove any files that are duplicates.
     
    Folders
     
    ·         Your Downloads folder (or any location you use to store downloaded content) may be taking up a lot of disk space. Empty these folders of files that you no longer need or use. Pictures and videos also take up a lot of space: Delete those pictures and videos that you do not wish to keep. Using Windows Explorer, look around your hard drive for temporary installation folders and delete those as well. Once you complete the deletion process, be sure to empty your Recycle Bin to reclaim the space.
     
    External Storage
     
    ·         If there is no need to keep the files on your computer’s hard drive, consider using an external hard drive to store some of your content, especially larger files. External drives come in various capacities, some as large as the hard drive currently in your computer. These drives connect via USB, and when connected can be used as an additional hard drive for your PC.
  9. Like
    donut got a reaction from Jameseurox in How to Fix Low Disk Space in Windows XP?   
    Windows XP alerts you when disk space reaches a critical level, but you have several options to free up hard drive space. XP includes an built-in utility, called Disk Cleanup, that deletes unnecessary files from the most common locations. More disk space can be gained by deleting files manually or moving them to an external hard drive.
     
    Low Disk Space Warning
     
    ·         Windows XP warns you when it detects your computer is running out of disk space. The first warning comes when less than 200 megabytes of space is available: a pop-up window will appear for ten seconds once every session (each time you log on to your computer). The warnings become more frequent as free space decreases. With less than 80 megabytes of free space the warning appears twice for 30 seconds, spaced four hours apart. At 50 megabytes or less, the message appears every five minutes for 30 seconds. The warnings do not stop until free disk space is above 200 megabytes.
     
    Disk Cleanup
     
    ·         The easiest way to free up hard drive space in Windows XP is to use Disk Cleanup. The program deletes temporary Internet files from Internet Explorer, downloaded program files, optional Windows components, Windows temporary files and older System Restore points. You can select check boxes to choose which categories to delete. If Disk Cleanup does not free up enough space, it may be necessary to delete files manually.
     
    Unnecessary Files
     
    ·         Remove files and application you do not use to free up disk space. Empty the Recycle Bin and clean out the cache of your Web browser. Review the applications installed on your PC. Those applications you do not use should be uninstalled using the “Add/Remove Programs” function located in the Windows Control Panel. Ensure that no duplicate files exist on your PC: remove any files that are duplicates.
     
    Folders
     
    ·         Your Downloads folder (or any location you use to store downloaded content) may be taking up a lot of disk space. Empty these folders of files that you no longer need or use. Pictures and videos also take up a lot of space: Delete those pictures and videos that you do not wish to keep. Using Windows Explorer, look around your hard drive for temporary installation folders and delete those as well. Once you complete the deletion process, be sure to empty your Recycle Bin to reclaim the space.
     
    External Storage
     
    ·         If there is no need to keep the files on your computer’s hard drive, consider using an external hard drive to store some of your content, especially larger files. External drives come in various capacities, some as large as the hard drive currently in your computer. These drives connect via USB, and when connected can be used as an additional hard drive for your PC.
  10. Like
    donut got a reaction from XTHighamjak in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  11. Like
    donut got a reaction from Shauntest in How to get back programs and keep others from cleaning after running Wise Registry Cleaner?   
    Please do as the following instructions and screenshots below,
     
    1. Please run Registry Cleaner---System Restore--click on the item dated with your issue happened---Restore
     

     
    2. Then run Registry Cleaner---Start Scan(only scan, not clean)---right click any items---click "Export to "---save and send the report to us for analysis.(Fonts only taken as an example)
     

  12. Like
    donut got a reaction from AncicCah in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  13. Like
    donut got a reaction from RobertJef in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  14. Like
    donut got a reaction from Jimmyerund in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  15. Like
    donut got a reaction from liiiimmmonna in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  16. Like
    donut got a reaction from Stephenhob in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  17. Like
    donut got a reaction from Allieplaums in Why can Register Cleaner still get errors after PC Checkup?   
    The reasons are following below,
     
    1. Tasks that PC Checkup does are only a part of Registry Cleaner could do, so that you got errors after Registry Cleaner's scanning.
     
    2. It is better to use both of them .
  18. Like
    donut got a reaction from Clintonlog in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  19. Like
    donut got a reaction from RobertPhesk in Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320   
    The Microsoft Windows Installer Error 1320 may occur when you attempt to install software on your computer. For example, when you attempt to install the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software by IBM, you may receive an error message similar to "Error 1320. The specified path is too long. 
    C:\ProgramData\Application Data\SPSS." Several other programs that you attempt to install or uninstall an application may also produce the MSI 1320 Error.
     
    MSIExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Functions
     
    ·         When installing the SPSS software, the MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe functions return the MSI 1320 error if the installation folder named INSTALLDIR is mapped to a network drive.
    Path names that are too long will also return MSI 1320 errors. For example, if you work with Visual Studio and you place projects in directories other than the hard drive, commonly "C," this is likely to occur.
     
    DOS SUBST Command
     
    ·         If you placed the INSTLLDIR folder in a substituted drive using the DOS SUBST command, an MSI 1320 may be returned. The DOS SUBST command is used to associate a path with the letter of a virtual or physical drive. Errors will occur if you use the DOS SUBST command on a network drive.
     
    Temporarily Modify Shortcut
     
    ·         Modify the C:\ProgramData directory by removing the Application Data shortcut before you install the software. You'll have to show hidden files to locate the shortcut. To do this, navigate to the "Start" button and select the "Control Panel." Click "Appearance and Personalization," and then click "Folder Options." Click the "View" tab, and then click "Show hidden files and folders" located under "Advanced Settings." Click "OK." Drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. If that's not possible, rename the folder to unlock it first, and then drag the "Application Data" shortcut to your Desktop. Place the shortcut back to the C:\ProgramData directory after you finish installing the software.
     
    Warnings and Considerations
     
    ·         Some of your settings may not be restored after you remove and then replace the Application Data shortcut. Workaround this by selecting the "Do not show hidden files and folders" option in the Folder and Search Options category. You'll also want select the "Hide protected operating systems files" option to restore your original settings.
     
    Contact the software or hardware manufacturer of the software or hardware you're trying to install to get the appropriate support. Visiting the manufacturer's website and posting a query on a forum may lead to a faster result.
  20. Like
    donut got a reaction from AntoinePn in Why can Register Cleaner still get errors after PC Checkup?   
    The reasons are following below,
     
    1. Tasks that PC Checkup does are only a part of Registry Cleaner could do, so that you got errors after Registry Cleaner's scanning.
     
    2. It is better to use both of them .
  21. Like
    donut got a reaction from AntoinePn in How to get back programs and keep others from cleaning after running Wise Registry Cleaner?   
    Please do as the following instructions and screenshots below,
     
    1. Please run Registry Cleaner---System Restore--click on the item dated with your issue happened---Restore
     

     
    2. Then run Registry Cleaner---Start Scan(only scan, not clean)---right click any items---click "Export to "---save and send the report to us for analysis.(Fonts only taken as an example)
     

  22. Like
    donut got a reaction from Charmdatemi in How to Fix Low Disk Space in Windows XP?   
    Windows XP alerts you when disk space reaches a critical level, but you have several options to free up hard drive space. XP includes an built-in utility, called Disk Cleanup, that deletes unnecessary files from the most common locations. More disk space can be gained by deleting files manually or moving them to an external hard drive.
     
    Low Disk Space Warning
     
    ·         Windows XP warns you when it detects your computer is running out of disk space. The first warning comes when less than 200 megabytes of space is available: a pop-up window will appear for ten seconds once every session (each time you log on to your computer). The warnings become more frequent as free space decreases. With less than 80 megabytes of free space the warning appears twice for 30 seconds, spaced four hours apart. At 50 megabytes or less, the message appears every five minutes for 30 seconds. The warnings do not stop until free disk space is above 200 megabytes.
     
    Disk Cleanup
     
    ·         The easiest way to free up hard drive space in Windows XP is to use Disk Cleanup. The program deletes temporary Internet files from Internet Explorer, downloaded program files, optional Windows components, Windows temporary files and older System Restore points. You can select check boxes to choose which categories to delete. If Disk Cleanup does not free up enough space, it may be necessary to delete files manually.
     
    Unnecessary Files
     
    ·         Remove files and application you do not use to free up disk space. Empty the Recycle Bin and clean out the cache of your Web browser. Review the applications installed on your PC. Those applications you do not use should be uninstalled using the “Add/Remove Programs” function located in the Windows Control Panel. Ensure that no duplicate files exist on your PC: remove any files that are duplicates.
     
    Folders
     
    ·         Your Downloads folder (or any location you use to store downloaded content) may be taking up a lot of disk space. Empty these folders of files that you no longer need or use. Pictures and videos also take up a lot of space: Delete those pictures and videos that you do not wish to keep. Using Windows Explorer, look around your hard drive for temporary installation folders and delete those as well. Once you complete the deletion process, be sure to empty your Recycle Bin to reclaim the space.
     
    External Storage
     
    ·         If there is no need to keep the files on your computer’s hard drive, consider using an external hard drive to store some of your content, especially larger files. External drives come in various capacities, some as large as the hard drive currently in your computer. These drives connect via USB, and when connected can be used as an additional hard drive for your PC.
  23. Like
    donut got a reaction from Charmdatemi in Tips:MS-DOS Autocomplete in Microsoft Windows 2000 and Above Tag, MS-DOS   
    Hi there,
     
     
    If you want to activate Autocomplete in Windows 2000 and later versions, please follow the below steps.
     
     
    1.      Open the Microsoft Windows registry editor by clicking Start, Run, type Regedit and click OK.
     
    2.      In the  Microsoft Windows registry editor  open the below folders.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
    Software
    Microsoft
    Command Processor
     
    3.      In the command processor open the below two registry keys and change their value to 9.

    CompletionChar
    PathCompleteChar
     
    4.      Once the above steps have been completed close out of the registry editor and open the command window by typing cmd in the Run window. To use the auto complete feature press the tab key any type you wish to complete a directory. For example, if the directory you are currently in contains the "Program files" directory you could type "cd pr" and press tab, to have the auto completion option automatically type "cd "program files"".
     
     
  24. Like
    donut got a reaction from jasharabbit in FileZilla Can't Retrieve Directory   
    FileZilla is a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) program that website owners use to add, modify or delete files and directories on their website server. Although many FileZilla users have no problems retrieving their website's directory and files, you may find that Filezilla cannot retrieve your website's directory. There are five primary causes for issues with retrieving the website directory in FileZilla. By going over each possible cause and fix, you can usually get FileZilla to retrieve your website's directory.
     
        Incorrect Username/Password
     
    o    Before you can view or create directories on your website's server, you must first log into it securely with your username and password. One of the first things to check when FileZilla cannot retrieve the directory for your website is your username and password -- if either one is incorrect, FileZilla will fail to log you in and retrieve the directory. Type in your username and password again and this will often fix the problem. If you do not know the username and password for your website server, ask your server administrator.
     
    Incorrect Host Address
     
    o    In addition to the username and password, you must also know the correct host address for your website. If you type in the wrong host address for your site, FileZilla will be unable to retrieve your website's directory. Generally, the correct host address for your site is the website address itself, although this may vary depending on who is hosting your site. If you do not know the host address for your website, contact your server administrator.
     
    Directory Permissions
     
    o    To modify or access folders on your website's server, you must have the correct permissions; without them, FileZilla won't be able to retrieve or modify your directories. Directory permissions typically are set up automatically by your Web host, but you can change them as long as you are able to see the directories. As FileZilla cannot retrieve the directory in this case, your best bet is to contact your server administrator and have him give you full permissions. FileZilla then should be able to retrieve the directory.
     
    Other Causes
     
    o    FileZilla may be unable to retrieve your website's directory because there is a problem with your copy of FileZilla. You may be able to fix the problem by installing any available updates. FileZilla also may be unable to retrieve the directory because your website's server is down temporarily. In this case, you may be able to access the directory at a later time. Contact your Web host to determine if there are any outages or down times.
     
     
     
  25. Like
    donut got a reaction from jasharabbit in Computer Freezing: Steps to Fix It   
    Most "freezes" are just software lockups, often limited to just one program, although they can cause the entire system seemingly to hang. The remainder are caused by hardware. Failing power supplies can cause all sorts of trouble, for example, including freezes. Memory is also a frequent culprit. Reseating the memory module fixes memory-related problems one-third of the time on desktop systems and one-quarter of the time on laptop systems, according to studies done by Microsoft.
    Instructions
    Is the Whole System Freezing?
     
    o    1
    Press "Alt" and "F4." This may close the program without any further problems.
     
    o    2
    Press the "Alt" and "Tab" keys together to switch to another program. If you are unable to see any change when you press "Alt" and "Tab," then try to bring up the Task Manager by pressing the left "Control" key, the left "Shift" key and "Escape." If that key combination doesn't open the Task Manager, press "Ctrl," "Alt" and "Del," then press the down arrow on the keyboard four times to highlight "Start Task Manager." Press "Enter."
     
    o    3
    Determine the problem area. If your mouse cursor moves freely, then you have a locked up program and you need to find the process that's hogging the CPU. If the whole system seems jerky, and you can hear or see your hard drive being continuously active, then you are facing memory exhaustion.
     
    o    4
    Go to the "Processes" tab. Sort by CPU or Memory as determined. If your mouse is functional, click the headers to sort the appropriate column. Otherwise press "Tab" to move forward or "Shift" and "Tab" to move back through the controls until you get to the header. Then use the arrow keys to select the header you want to sort by and press "Enter."
     
    o    5
    Select the item at the top of the list, which should be the problem program. If your mouse doesn't work, use "Tab" or "Shift" and "Tab" to navigate to the list.
     
    o    6
    Click the "End Process" button, or press "Alt" and "E." Then click "End Process" in the confirmation box or press "Spacebar" on the keyboard. If none of this worked, your computer may be totally frozen due to a component problem.
     
    Component Problems
     
    o    7
    Power down the computer and unplug it from the power source.
    For a desktop computer, open up the computer case, consulting your owner's manual as necessary, to locate and reseat the memory modules. Pull the retaining clip back from the memory module and pull the module upward out of its socket. Push the memory into the slot while pulling the retaining clips gently toward the memory until it is fully seated. To reseat it, make sure the notch is aligned with the memory slot.
    For laptops, locate your memory, which is usually found behind a labeled door on the underside. Unscrew the door. Pull the retaining clips back from the memory module and pull the module toward you to a 45-degree angle. Then pull the module straight out of its socket. Push the memory into the slot at a 45-degree angle. Rotate the module gently until the retaining clips are securely fastened, and the module is fully seated. To reseat it, make sure the notch is aligned with the memory slot.
     
    o    8
    Unscrew the retaining screw on the faceplate of the video memory card, if present in your desktop computer, and push the latch at the rear of the card toward the slot. Pull the card straight out, then push the card straight into the slot until the latch reengages. Screw the faceplate into the case. This does not apply to laptops.
     
    o    9
    Reseat any other add-in cards present in the desktop computer.
     
    Overheating Problems
     
    o    10
    Check the temperature. If your computer supports temperature monitoring, use the vendor-supplied utility to check temperatures. Anything above 140 degrees Fahrenheit should be considered suspect.
     
    o    11
    Identify faulty fans. Any fans not moving under load with high heat showing should be immediately replaced in desktops. If your laptop has a faulty fan, you need to have it professionally serviced.
     
    o    12
    Add more cooling fans to your desktop computer. Fan width is measured in millimeters. Common sizes are 80, 92 and 120 millimeters. You need to purchase fans that fit into your computer case's fan mounts. If your computer came with a jumper diagram for the motherboard, locate the fan connectors, usually labeled "FAN1" to "FAN4." Determine if the fan connectors have three pins or four pins. Buy additional fans with the same number of pins as those already in your case have. If you can't determine the number of pins, get fans that include "Molex" adapters to connect to your power supply.
    Start by mounting fans into the front of the case, blowing toward the back. If the problem persists, add more fans to the rear of the case, blowing outward.
    Laptop users can purchase a cooling pad that comes with extra cooling fans and typically connects via USB.
     
    o    13
    Add a heat spreader to the memory modules in your desktop. This does not apply to laptop users. Open up the computer case, consulting your owner's manual as necessary, to locate the memory modules. Pull the retaining clip back from the memory module and pull the module upward out of its socket. If the heat spreader's manufacturer provided directions, follow them. Otherwise, remove the adhesive backing from one-half of the heat spreader. Apply the heat spreader to the memory module. Apply the other half of the heat spreader, ensuring that the screw holes or the clip slots are aligned. Screw or clip it together. Return the module to your computer case, as when reseating it in Section 2, Step 1.
     
     
      Power Problems
    o    14
    Ensure your computer is plugged into a high-quality surge suppressor, not just a power strip.
     
    o    15
    Try the computer in different outlets around the house, especially those on another electrical circuit.
     
    o    16
    Plug the computer into an uninterruptible power supply, or UPS.
     
    o    17
    Connect your desktop's internal components to different power supply cables. The internal power supply has several power converters in it, so connecting your computer's internal components to different cables or cable bundles can spread the power load to help avoid under-voltage problems.
     
    Tips & Warnings·         Failures caused by mechanical or electrical problems inside the case often lead to random computer freezes and reboots. This class of problems is almost always caused by vibrations. If hitting your desk makes your computer lock up, this is probably the problem.
    ·         Modern CPUs have a thermal cut-off inside them that turns off the computer to prevent critical damage, but other components do not. Video cards, memory and the motherboard control chips, often called the north bridge, can all cause computer freezes. Signs are freezes that occur only when your computer is under high load or during heavy 3-D or video decoding.
    ·         Low voltage, unclean power, and overloaded circuits can all cause temporary, sporadic problems with your computer. Unclean power and overloaded circuits will seem random. Low voltage is usually be tied to specific actions like starting to play games or watch movies. With these problems, your power supply may not be functioning properly. You may need to replace the power supply.
    ·         Never open the computer's power supply. It presents a serious risk of personal injury due to high voltage.
    ·         Do not work inside a computer without protection from static electricity. Get an ESD wrist strap if possible and wear it while repairing your computer. If not, touch the unpainted metal of your case, usually on the rear, while performing the repair. Avoid wearing clothing that attracts static, such as wool, and stand up while working on the computer.
    ·         Wait one minute after turning off the power supply before unplugging the computer to give the capacitors time to drain.
    ·         Hold components by their edges and avoid touching the gold contacts.
     
     
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